Friday, 9 March 2012

Perama Cave

The Perama Cave was discovered during World War II when the local people were looking for a place to hide from the enemy bombs and artillery fire.  It is located about 4 km north of Ioannina in the willage of Perama at the base of Mount Gritsa. After the war, it was explored by spelaeologists from Athens, Ioannis Petrocheilos and Anna Petrocheilou.  The cave is approximately 1 km long with 19 different types of stalactites in the cave and it is said to hold the distinction of the most types of stalactites in any cave. The maximum in others is 10. During its exploration there were also bones and teeth found of ancient cave bears. 
Fun Around Trikala Flickr!

There are also 2 types of insects which are found only in this cave. One is a white spider and the other has a body like a spider but legs like a grasshopper. Both are blind and deaf but they are difficult to see because they hide when they feel  vibrations. They only eat very infrequently - they can go up to 3 years without food, which is a very good thing since there is very little to eat in the caves.
There are several rooms or caverns. One is the Cross Room because there is a stalagmite in the shape of a cross. Another is the Sea World; there was stalactites that look like octopus, squid, shark, Nemo. There is also a "vegetable garden" with cauliflower, broccoli, carrots and giant asparagus shaped stalactites.

There cave tour is 45 minutes long and covers a distance of 1.5km and at the end there are 163 steps to the exit. At the mouth of the cave is a spectacular view over the city of Ioannina.